The Geography of Spain

Mountain Ranges:     Pyrenees, Cantabrian, Central, Iberian, Betic
Rivers:                         Ebro, Tajo, Júcar, Duero, Segura, Guardiana, Guadalquivir
Climates:                    Oceanic, mediterranean, continental, arid, mountainous
Political:                      17 autonomous regions. 
50 provinces. 

Population:                46,704,314

 

 Galicia             Population:   2,781,

 Capital:           Santiago de Compostela

 Provinces:      (4)  Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra, La Coruña. 

 Language:       Gallego/galego

 

 Asturias           Population:  1,077,360

 Capital:            Oviedo.  

 

 Cantabria      Population:  593,

 Capital:            Santander

País Vasco      Population:  2,193,093
Capital:            Vitoria
Language:       Vasco/euskera
Provinces:        (3)  Vizcaya, Álava, Guipúzcoa

 Navarra          Population:   644,566

 Capital:            Pamplona

La Rioja           Population:  323,609
Capital:            Logroño

Castilla y León    Population: 2,546,078
Capital:            Valladolid
Provinces:        (9) León, Salamanca, Segovia, Ávila, Soria, Burgos, Palencia, Zamora, Valladolid

Comunidad de Madrid          Population:  6,498,560
Capital:                                    Madrid
 Population:     1,108,130
 
Extremadura
 Capital:            Mérida
 Provinces:        (3) Plasencia, Cáceres, Badajoz

Aragón            Population  1,349,467
Capital:            Zaragoza
Provinces:        (3) Huesca, Zaragoza, Teruel

Cataluña         Population:  7,570,908
Capital:            Barcelona
Provinces:        (4) Barcelona, Tarragona, Girona, Lleida
Language:       Catalán

Comunidad Valenciana         Population:  5,129,266
Capital:                                    Valencia
Provinces:                                (3) Valencia, Castellón, Alicante 
Language:                                  Valenciano

Castilla La Mancha   Population: 2,121,888
Capital:                      Toledo
Provinces:                 (5)  Albacete, Guadalajara, Toledo, Ciudad Real, Cuenca

 Murcia           Population:  1,474,449

 Capital:            Murcia

Andalucía       Population:  8,449,985
Capital:            Sevilla
Provinces:        (8) Sevilla, Granada, Córdoba, Cádiz, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga, Almería.

Islas Baleares  Population: 1,119,439
Capital:            Palma
Islands:            (5) Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera, Cabrera
Language:       Catalán Balear

Islas Canarias  Population: 2,118,344
Capital:            Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (shared)
Provinces:        (2) Santa Cruz de Tenerife,  Las Palmas
Islands:            Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Tenerife, La Gomera, El Hierro.

There are also two Spanish territories in northern Africa known as the “autonomous cities” of Ceuta and Melilla.  Their territory is claimed by Morocco.

  1. Ceuta  Population 84,018
    Melilla Population 80,802

* population figures 2012

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